HTML and web design help

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HTML overview
Recommended HTML
Where to start
HTML commands
Table Help
Tricks of the masters
Adding cool features
HTML editors
HTML colors
Special characters
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Recommended HTML

Below is a listing of some of the HTML commands recommended to be reviewed first, if not already known.

A HREF - Creating a link to other pages.

BODY - Setting the looks of the web page.

BR -  Creating a line break.

IMG SRC - Creating an image.

META - Creating meta tags.

TITLE - Creating a title for a web page.

All additional HTML command can be found on our HTML commands section.

HTML overview

HTML, or HyperText Markup Language, is a world wide markup language that allows a user to create his or her own web page. While HTML is a fairly easy to learn markup language, it does involve several hundred commands to learn and memorize.

With HTML, the user creates tags; tags are anything between the less-than and the greater-than signs. Using the tags, this identifies where the commands begin and end. For example, <b>Bold Text</b> tells the browser that <b> is the beginning of the bold text statement that will turn anything after that tag bold; once the browser hits </b> the browser then turns the bold text statement off, allowing for only specific text to be bold

On this page we have created a list of HTML commands, which can be used in web pages to change text, add different features, and apply other effects.

HTML commands


<!-- REMARK --> - HTML Tag that allows you to implement comments into your HTML Code, which would be hidden to the average browser.

Example:

<!-- This text Cannot be seen by the user unless the source is viewed. -->

Preview:

<A> -HTML tag that allows aspects of your web page to be anchored, such as a link <A HREF= "Http://www.computerhope.com"> tag.

Example:

<A HREF="http://www.computerhope.com">Computer Hope</A>

Preview:

Computer Hope

<ABBREV> - New HTML tag available with HTML3.0 which allows you to abbreviate words on your web page automatically.

Example:

<ABBREV>Contained words will be abbreviated.</ABBREV>

<ACRONYM> - Like ABBREV, also a new command with HTML 3.0 that displays the text acronym when mouse is highlighted over text.

Example:

<ACRONYM TITLE="Free computer help and support">Computer Hope</ACRONYM>

Preview:

Computer Hope

<ADDRESS> - Command that changes the format of the text to signify an address. This is used with e-mail addresses. However, can also be used for a street address.

Example:

<ADDRESS>support@computerhope.com</ADDRESS>

Preview:

support@computerhope.com

<APPLET> - Command used with Netscape to implement a Java application into a web page.

Example:

<APPLET CODE="applet">Click here to see Java applet.</APPLET>

Preview:

View COOL FEATURES to see Java applets.

Additional information:

To insert JavaScript into your web page you would use the <SCRIPT> tag.

<AREA> - Defines a section of an image that the user can click on. This allows you to have one image with multiple clickable links within it.

Example:

<AREA CORD="10,20,150,125" SHAPE=rect HREF="http://www.computerhope.com">. The CORD that is used in this example tells the computer where on the image the location for the link is when your mouse is over that CORD; then, if clicked, it will go to the web page. The SHAPE tells the browser the shape of the clickable area.

Example:

<map name="menu">
<AREA SHAPE=rect COORDS="100,5,155,55" HREF="http://www.computerhope.com">
</map>
<img src="title.gif" usemap="#menu"><BR>

Additional information:

The 100,5,155,55 are telling the browser where the link is. 100 representing how far from the left you want the link to start. 5 representing how far from the top you want the link to start. 155 representing how far from the right you want the link to end. 55 representing how far from the bottom you want the link to end.

See the area definition for further information and examples.

Preview:

On the image below, move your mouse over the O and notice how that is the only link on the image; clicking on that O would take you to our main page.

Computer Hope

<B> - Tells the browser to display the text within the HTML tags to be bold.

Example:

<B>This text would be in bold</B>

Preview:

This text would be in bold

<BANNER> - HTML Tag used with HTML 3.0 used like scrolling but does not scroll with the rest of the HTML document.

Example:

<BANNER>Welcome to Computer Hope</BANNER>

<BASEFONT> - Tells the browser the new set for the font size can be 1 through 7. The default value is 3.

Example:

<BASEFONT SIZE=2>

<BDO> - Tells the browser how to display the text; for example, using the DIR attribute you can make it go left to right using DIR=ltr Example: <BDO DIR=rtl>Makes text go opposite way<bdo> this just causes the text to go right to left; this tag is usually used for international purpose.

Example:

<BDO DIR=ltr>This text would be going from the left to the right.</BDO>

Preview:

This text would be going from the left to the right.

<BGSOUND> - Allows you to play your music on your web page with Internet Explorer; will not work with people browsing with Netscape. You may also add the loop= statement to specify how many times you want the sound to play.

Example:

<BGSOUND SRC=sounds.wav loop=1>

Example:

<BGSOUND SRC=sounds.wav loop=infinite>

<BIG> - HTML 3.0 tag that allows your text to be BIG.

Example:

<BIG>This text would be big.</BIG>

Preview:

This text would be big.

Example:

<BIG><BIG>This text would be bigger.</BIG></BIG>

Preview:

This text would be bigger.

<BLINK> - HTML tag that can be extraordinarily annoying when viewing a web page. Internet Explorer does not incorporate this tag, but still is available with Netscape Navigator.

Example:

<BLINK>This text would be blinking if compatible browser</BLINK>

Preview:

This text would be blinking if compatible browser.

<BLOCKQUOTE> - Command that allows you to indent your lines one inch from the left hand side. Instead of using this command to indent text or other objects we suggest using CSS. See document CH001034 for additional information and help.

Example:

<BLOCKQUOTE>This would be one tab from the left hand side of the page or the table cell it is in.</BLOCKQUOTE>

Preview:

This would be one tab from the left hand side of the page or the table cell it is in.

<BODY> - Command that should be located towards the top of your HTML code. This tag is used to specify the color of the text, the links, the background color and the background image.

Example:

<body background="back.gif" bgcolor="#FFFFFF" text="#000000" link="#000000" vlink="#000000" alink="#000000" topmargin="0" leftmargin="0">

background="back.gif" - Use an image as a background. When doing this make sure your background image is the same size as the resolution you want to support. see the resolution definition for further information.
bgcolor="#FFFFFF"
- Have a white background; while this is not necessary when having an image as a background, it creates a better transition for our page, considering it contains mostly white. #FFFFFF is the hexadecimal for the color white. In this tag you can also specify white instead of the hexadecimal value.
text="#000000" - This tells the browser to display all text black unless otherwise specified. #000000 is the hexadecimal for the color black. This tag also allows you to specify the color by spelling it out.
link="#000000" -  Specifies that links on the page that have not been visited should be black. If this tag is not specified the default color will be used, which usually is a blue. #000000 is the hexadecimal for the color black. This tag also allows you to specify the color by spelling it out.
vlink="#000000" - Specifies the color of the links that have been visited. If this tag is not specified the default color is purple. #000000 is the hexadecimal for the color black. This tag alsos allows you to specify the color by spelling it out.
alink="#000000" - Specifies the color when the link is active; this is specified for newer browsers, old browsers under 3.x do not have any effect on this code. The active link only changes when clicked (this is not used to change the color when the mouse is moved over the link). #000000 is the hexadecimal for the color black. This tag also allows you to specify the color by spelling it out.
topmargin="0" - Tells the browser not to have a margin on the top of the browser window (this is a small white space on the top of the page. We have noticed that Netscape and older versions of Internet Explorer do not completely eliminate the margin even if the value is zero.
leftmargin="0" - Tells the browser not to have a margin on the left side of the browser window (this is a small white space on the top of the page. We have noticed that Netscape and older versions of Internet Explorer do not completely eliminate the margin even if the value is zero.

Preview:

The above example is the body tag we are currently using on this page.

<BR> - Tells the browser that this is the end of the line and to start a new one.

Example:

<BR>

Preview:

The <BR> HTML tag returns once (down one line), another applicable HTML tag is <P ALIGN="LEFT"> Paragraph here.</P> When this tag is used this will begin a new paragraph.

<CENTER> - Tells the web browser to center the text according to the page, table, or frame.

Example:

<CENTER>This text would center on the page.</CENTER>

Preview:

This text would center on the page.

<CITE> - Similar to the blockquote command this command enables you to cite text and displays itself in an italic font.

Example:

<CITE>This text is in italic and is a cite from somewhere else.</CITE>

Preview:

This text is in italic and is a cite from somewhere else.

<CODE> - Allows the user to specify code or a command that generates a different font to signify the code.

Example:

<CODE>dir - command used in DOS to list files.</CODE>

Preview:

dir - command used in DOS to list files.

<DEL> - Allows a user to delete text within an HTML document without removing it using a strike through.

Example:

This is an example of <del>removed</del> text.

Preview:

This is an example of removed text.

<DD> - Specifies to the browser that a definition is going to placed in the code. The browser will then indent the paragraph (x 2) and change the font of the characters.

Example:

<DD>Definition goes here.</DD>

Preview:

Definition goes here.

<EM> - Tells the browser that this is important text and makes the text emphasized.

Example:

<EM>Computer Hope</EM>

Preview:

Computer Hope

<EMBED> - Used with Netscape Navigator, which implements a third-party file such as a movie or sound clip or some special embedded object on the web page. Example: <embed src="mydoc.dcr"> HTML tag.

Example:

<EMBED SRC="resume.doc">

<FONT> - Allows you to have multiple fonts, colors, and sizes.

Example 1:

<FONT size=+2>This text would be two times bigger.</FONT>

Example 2:

<FONT COLOR="BLUE">This text would be blue.</FONT>

Example 3:

<FONT COLOR="RED">This text would be red.</FONT>

Example 4:

<FONT COLOR="YELLOW">This text would be yellow.</FONT>

Preview 1:

This text would be two times bigger.

Preview 2:

This text would be blue.

Preview 3:

This text would be red.

Preview 4:

This text would be yellow.

For more usable colors and information, see the HTML color codes page.

<FORM> - Allows you to obtain input from visitors; you can see an example of this by viewing the source in our e-mail page.

<FRAME> - Netscape HTML extension that allows you to use frames on the web page, being able to make bigger and smaller sections; each frame can contain different text. You can also use the <FRAMESET> command, which is a replacement for the regular body command.

Example:

<FRAM SRC="http://www.Computerhope.com" SCROLLING="yes" NORESIZE>

<H1> - <H6> - Tells the browser how big you want the text <H1> being the biggest and <H6> being the smallest. Note: Because Computer Hope is using CSS elements for the H1 tag not only will this text be big but it has an underline in this example. Without the CSS it would just be big.

Example:

<H1>This text would be BIG.</H1>

Example:

<H6>This text needs spectacles to read.</H6>

Preview:

This text would be BIG.

Preview:

This text needs spectacles to read.

<HEAD> Allows you to specify information about the web page but never shows the information unless the source is viewed. This is also where other tags such as meta tags are placed in your source code.

Example:

<HEAD><TITLE>Look at the top of the page how it says HTML HELP, specify the name you want the page to be.</TITLE></HEAD>

<HR> - Puts a normal bar across the screen to help separate the text.

Example 1:

<HR>

Example 2:

<HR width="50%">

Example 3:

<HR size=10 width="50%">

Preview 1:


Preview 2:


Preview 3:


<I> - Italicizes the text.

Example:

<I>Italic Text</I>

Preview:

Italic Text

<IMG> - Command used to display images on your web page. The alt description describes what the image is for the blind and search engines bots.

Example:

<IMG SRC= "http://www.computerhope.com/logo.gif" alt="Computer Hope logo">

Preview:

Computer Hope logo

<INS> - Short for Insert, this tag is used to help illustrate what new text has been inserted into an HTML document. Useful for when multiple people are working on the same document.

Example:

This line of text has <INS>new</INS> inserted text.

Preview:

This line of text has new inserted text.

<ISIndex> -  New command coming out with HTML 3.0 allowing you to search.

Example:

<ISIndex>

<LI> - Tells the browser that this is a list item, either putting a bullet in front of text or a number in front of the text, depending if <ul> or <ol> is used.

Example:

<ul>
<li>one</li>
<li>two</li>
</ul>

Example 2:

<ol>
<li>one</li>
<li>two</li>
</ol>

Preview:

  • one
  • two

Preview 2:

  1. one
  2. two

<MARQUEE> -  Used with Microsoft Internet Explorer and other recent browsers to make your text scroll on the screen. This HTML tag does not work with any current versions of Netscape Navigator.

Example 1:

<MARQUEE BEHAVIOR="scroll" DIRECTION ="left">Computer Hope</MARQUEE>

Example 2:

<MARQUEE BEHAVIOR="scroll" DIRECTION ="right">Computer Hope</MARQUEE>

Example 3:

<MARQUEE BEHAVIOR="slide" DIRECTION ="left">Computer Hope</MARQUEE>

Example 4:

<MARQUEE BEHAVIOR="alternate" >Computer Hope</MARQUEE>

Example 5:

<MARQUEE BEHAVIOR="scroll" DIRECTION ="left" bgcolor="blue">Computer Hope</MARQUEE>

Example 6:

<font color ="green"><MARQUEE BEHAVIOR="scroll" DIRECTION ="right" >Computer Hope</MARQUEE></font>

Example 7:

<font color ="white"><MARQUEE BEHAVIOR="scroll" DIRECTION ="right" bgcolor="red">Computer Hope</MARQUEE></font>

Preview 1:

Computer Hope

Preview 2:

Computer Hope

Preview 3:

Computer Hope

Preview 4:

Computer Hope

Preview 5:

Computer Hope

Preview 6:

Computer Hope

Preview 7:

Computer Hope

<META> - Allowing you to tell some search engines what to display for your page and keywords for your page.

Example 1:

<META NAME="DESCRIPTION" CONTENT="Computer Hope getting your computer questions answered fast, easy, and free">

Example 2:

<META NAME="KEYWORDS" CONTENT="Computer, support, easy, free, html, printers, windows95">

Example 3:

<META NAME="GENERATOR" CONTENT="Generated in Notepad">

Preview:

Preview not available due to the fact it needs to be in the body of this page.

See the meta tags definition for additional information.

<NOBR> - Tells the browser that you want to continue the line with no breaking, preventing the line from getting cut of and returning to the next line.

Example:

<NOBR>This line would go on and not auto return so if the browser screen was not as long as the sentence you would have to scroll to see the remainder of the screen.</NOBR>

Preview:

This line would not wrap until you entered a break

<OL> - Tells the browser that this is a list item and to list it in numbering format.

Example:

<ol>
<li>one</li>
<li>two</li>
</ol>

Preview:

  1. one
  2. two

<OPTGROUP> - Add an option groups to a drop down list of items.

Example:

<select name="Example">
<optgroup label="First"></optgroup>
<option>Example one</option>
<optgroup label="Second"></optgroup>
<option>Example two</option>
</select>

Preview:



<P> - Tells the browser that this is the end of the paragraph and will not attempt to word wrap it.

Example:

<P>Location for the paragraph to begin and end.</P>

Preview:

Location for the paragraph to begin and end.

<PRE> - Tells the browser to do what you do as you type it so you can put text where you want it and have as many spaces as you want.

Example:

<PRE>The    Text Can l o o k how you want it to    l oo k.</pre>

Preview:

The Text Can l o o k how you want it to l oo k.

<SAMP> - Will enclose the text as a sample, usually lower casing it and underlining it.

Example:

<SAMP>This would be small and plain.<SAMP>

Preview:

This would be small and plain.

<SELECT> - Select menu that allows their person viewing your web page to select from a menu.

Example:

<select name="List" size="1">
<option value="Option1">Option1</option>
<option value="Option2">Option2</option>
<option value="Option3">Option3</option>
</select>

Preview:



<STRONG> -  Putting the text bold.

Example:

<STRONG>This text would get your attention</STRONG>

Preview:

This text would get your attention

<SUB> - Subscript; makes the browser display text low.

Example:

<SUB>This text would be below midway.<SUB>

Preview:

This text would be below midway

<SUP> - Superscript; makes the browser display text high.

Example:

<SUP>This text would be above midway.<SUP>

Preview:

This text would be above midway

<TABLE> - Allows you to Align text in tables. You can see an example of this on our Support page. How you do this is start with <Table> and if you want borders, just use the below commands.

Example:

<TABLE ALIGN="center" border=1 cols=5 width=20 cellpadding=5><tr><td>Computer Hope</td></tr></TABLE>

Preview:

Computer Hope

See table page for additional information and examples on tables.

<TD> - Used to define each cell part of the table. See table page for additional information and examples on tables.

Example:

<TD ALIGN="center" WIDTH=20>Cell</TD>

<TEXT AREA>- Allows the user to input text.

Example:

<TEXTAREA NAME="text" COLS=20 ROWS=20></TEXTAREA>

Preview:

<TH>- This is what each cell on the table is using.You can make this contain as many cells as you need.

Example:

<TH VALIGN="middle" WIDTH=50>Table header</TH>

Preview:

Preview not available for the fact changes page layout.

<TITLE> - This is used to label the page that your on. For example, the name of this page is ONLINE HELP -HTML-, Usually shown at the top of your screen.

Example:

<TITLE>HTML HELP</TITLE>

Preview:

Look on the top title bar, this is what the above would do.

<TR> - The start of each row in a table. See table page for additional information and examples on tables.

Example:

<TR><TD>Table contents</TD></TR>

<TT> - Tells the browser that the font needs to be evenly spaced to occupy the full line.

Example:

<TT>This is shown as teleType</TT>

Preview:

This is shown as teleType

<UL> - Starts a bulleted item list (puts a bullet in front of text).

Example:

<ul>
<li>one</li>
<li>two</li>
</ul>

Preview:

  • one
  • two

<XMP> - Tells the browser to do no formatting to this text, just to display as-is, no matter what the size of the screen is. Just like the <PRE> command.

Example:

<XMP>Put text in its own area.</XMP>

Preview:

 Put      text in it     s     own    area