Computer history - 1961

Updated: 09/12/2023 by Computer Hope

Major computer events in 1961

Integrated Circuit or IC

Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available ICs (integrated circuits) in 1961.

New computer products and services introduced in 1961

IBM introduced the IBM 1301 disk storage unit on June 2, 1961, capable of storing 28 million characters.

Type ball

IBM introduced the Selectric typewriter on July 31, 1961. The picture shows a typeball first used in the Selectric typewriter. The Selectric became a popular piece of office equipment because of its ease of changing fonts and colors.

IBM introduced the 7030 Stretch supercomputer, one of the first 64-bit computers in 1961.

The term "trie" was coined by Edward Fredkin in 1961 to describe the data structure first described by computer scientist René de la Briandais in 1959.

The programming language FORTRAN (Formula Translation) IV was created in 1961.

IBM released the IBM 1301 disk storage.

IBM introduced the "Executary" PBX dictation system and portable dictating unit.

IBM released the 1710 control system.

IBM introduced the Hypertape system.

Computer and technology-related events in 1961

Leonard Kleinrock published his first paper entitled "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" on May 31, 1961.

The Accredited Standards Committee was founded in 1961 and became the INCITS (International Committee for Information Technology Standards).

The ALGOL (algorithmic language) thunk helper subroutine designed by Peter Ingerman was introduced in 1961.

The idea for a digital camera originated in 1961.

Computer companies and organizations founded in 1961

The AFIPS (American Federation of Information Processing Societies) organization was founded on May 10, 1961.

Bryant Computer Products was established in 1961.

ECMA (European Computer Manufacturers Association) was established in 1961.

Funai Electric Co., Ltd. was established in 1961.

Memorex was founded in 1961.

Plantronics was founded in 1961.

Computer pioneers born in 1961

Ed Colligan

Ed Colligan was born on March 4, 1961.

Michael Lazaridis was born on March 14, 1961.

Peter Diamandis was born on May 20, 1961.

Mark Tebbe was born on July 1, 1961.

Werner Koch was born on July 11, 1961.

Michael Hawley was born on November 18, 1961.

Safra Catz was born on December 1, 1961.

Brendan Eich was born in 1961.

Jack Tretton was born in 1961.

Ken Goldberg was born in 1961.

Computer pioneer deaths in 1961

Lee Forest

Lee Forest passed away on June 30, 1961 (Age: 87).

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