Computer processor history

Updated: 05/21/2018 by Computer Hope
Year Event
1823 Baron Jons Jackob Berzelius discovers silicon (Si), which today is the basic component of processors.
1903 Nikola Tesla patented electrical logic circuits called "gates" or "switches" in 1903.
1947 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley invent the first transistor at the Bell Laboratories on December 23, 1947.
1948 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley patent the first transistor in 1948.
1956 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for their work on the transistor.
1958 The first integrated circuit was first developed by Robert Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductor and Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments. The first IC was demonstrated on September 12, 1958.
1960 IBM developed the first automatic mass-production facility for transistors in New York in 1960.
1968 Intel Corporation was founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore in 1968.
1969 Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) was founded on May 1, 1969.
1971 Intel with the help of Ted Hoff introduced the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004 on November 15, 1971. The 4004 had 2,300 transistors, performed 60,000 operations per second (OPS), addressed 640 bytes of memory, and cost $200.00.
1972 Intel introduced the 8008 processor on April 1, 1972.
1974 Intel's improved microprocessor chip was introduced on April 1, 1974; the 8080 became a standard in the computer industry.
1976 Intel introduced the 8085 processor in March 1976.
1976 The Intel 8086 was introduced on June 8, 1976.
1979 The Intel 8088 was released on June 1, 1979.
1979 The Motorola 68000, a 16/32-bit processor was released and was later chosen as the processor for the Apple Macintosh and Amiga computers.
1982 The Intel 80286 was introduced on February 1, 1982.
1985 Intel introduced the first 80386 in October 1985.
1987 The SPARC processor was first introduced by Sun.
1988 Intel 80386SX was introduced in 1988.
1991 AMD introduced the AM386 microprocessor family in March 1991.
1991 Intel introduced the Intel 486SX chip in April in efforts to help bring a lower-cost processor to the PC market selling for $258.00.
1992 Intel released the 486DX2 chip on March 2, 1992, with a clock doubling ability that generates higher operating speeds.
1993 Intel released the Pentium processor on March 22, 1993. The processor was a 60 MHz processor, incorporates 3.1 million transistors and sells for $878.00.
1994 Intel released the second generation of Intel Pentium processors on March 7, 1994.
1995 Intel introduced the Intel Pentium Pro in November 1995.
1996 Intel announced the availability of the Pentium 150 MHz with 60 MHz bus and 166 MHz with 66 MHz bus on January 4, 1996.
1996 AMD introduced the K5 processor on March 27, 1996, with speeds of 75 MHz to 133 MHz and bus speeds of 50 MHz, 60 MHz, or 66 MHz. The K5 was the first processor developed completely in-house by AMD.
1997 AMD released their K6 processor line in April 1997, with speeds of 166 MHz to 300 MHz and a 66 MHz bus speed.
1997 Intel Pentium II was introduced on May 7, 1997.
1998 AMD introduced their new K6-2 processor line on May 28, 1998, with speeds of 266 MHz to 550 MHz and bus speeds of 66 MHz to 100 MHz. The K6-2 processor was an enhanced version of AMD's K6 processor.
1998 Intel released the first Xeon processor, the Pentium II Xeon 400 (512K or 1M Cache, 400 MHz, 100 MHz FSB) in June 1998.
1999 Intel released the Celeron 366 MHz and 400 MHz processors on January 4, 1999.
1999 AMD released its K6-III processors on February 22, 1999, with speeds of 400 MHz or 450 MHz and bus speeds of 66 MHz to 100 MHz. It also featured an on-die L2 cache.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 500 MHz was released on February 26, 1999.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 550 MHz was released on May 17, 1999.
1999 AMD introduced the Athlon processor series on June 23, 1999. The Athlon would be produced for the next six years in speeds ranging from 500 MHz up to 2.33 GHz.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 600 MHz was released on August 2, 1999.
1999 The Intel Pentium III 533B and 600B MHz was released on September 27, 1999.
1999 The Intel Pentium III Coppermine series was first introduced on October 25, 1999.
2000 On January 5, 2000, AMD released the 800 MHz Athlon processor.
2000 Intel released the Celeron 533 MHz with a 66 MHz bus processor on January 4, 2000.
2000 AMD first released the Duron processor on June 19, 2000, with speeds of 600 MHz to 1.8 GHz and bus speeds of 200 MHz to 266 MHz. The Duron was built on the same K7 architecture as the Athlon processor.
2000 Intel announces on August 28th that it will recall its 1.3 GHz Pentium III processors due to a glitch. Users with these processors should contact their vendors for additional information about the recall.
2001 On January 3, 2001, Intel released the 800 MHz Celeron processor with a 100 MHz bus.
2001 On January 3, 2001, Intel released the 1.3 GHz Pentium 4 processor.
2001 AMD announced a new branding scheme on October 9, 2001. Instead of identifying processors by their clock speed, the AMD Athlon XP processors will bear monikers of 1500+, 1600+, 1700+, 1800+, 1900+, 2000+, etc. Each higher model number will represent a higher clock speed.
2002 Intel released the Celeron 1.3 GHz with a 100 MHz bus and 256 kB of level 2 cache.
2003 Intel Pentium M was introduced in March 2003.
2003 AMD released the first single-core Opteron processors, with speeds of 1.4 GHz to 2.4 GHz and 1024 KB L2 cache, on April 22, 2003.
2003 AMD released the first Athlon 64 processors, the 3200+, and the first Athlon 64 FX processor, the FX-51, on September 23, 2003.
2004 AMD released the first Sempron processor on July 28, 2004, with a 1.5 GHz to 2.0 GHz clock speed and 166 MHz bus speed.
2005 AMD released their first dual-core processor, the Athlon 64 X2 3800+ (2.0 GHz, 512 KB L2 cache per core), on April 21, 2005.
2006 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E6320 (4M Cache, 1.86 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on April 22, 2006.
2006 Intel introduced the Intel Core 2 Duo processors with the Core 2 Duo processor E6300 (2M Cache, 1.86 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on July 27, 2006.
2006 Intel introduced the Intel Core 2 Duo processor for the laptop computer with the Core 2 Duo processor T5500, as well as other Core 2 Duo T series processors, in August 2006.
2007 Intel released the Core 2 Quad processor Q6600 (8M Cache, 2.40 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) in January 2007.
2007 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E4300 (2M Cache, 1.80 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) on January 21, 2007.
2007 Intel released the Core 2 Quad processor Q6700 (8M Cache, 2.67 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) in April 2007.
2007 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E4400 (2M Cache, 2.00 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) on April 22, 2007.
2007 AMD renamed the Athlon 64 X2 processor line to just Athlon X2 and released the first in that line, the Brisbane series (1.9 to 2.6 GHz, 512 KB L2 Cache) on June 1, 2007.
2007 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E4500 (2M Cache, 2.20 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) on July 22, 2007.
2007 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E4600 (2M Cache, 2.40 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) on October 21, 2007.
2007 AMD released the first Phenom X4 processors (2M Cache, 1.8 GHz to 2.6 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on November 19, 2007.
2008 Intel released the Core 2 Quad processor Q9300 and the Core 2 Quad processor Q9450 in March 2008.
2008 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E4700 (2M Cache, 2.60 GHz, 800 MHz FSB) on March 2, 2008.
2008 AMD released the first Phenom X3 processors (2M Cache, 2.1 GHz to 2.5 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on March 27, 2008.
2008 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E7200 (3M Cache, 2.53 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on April 20, 2008.
2008 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E7300 (3M Cache, 2.66 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on August 10, 2008.
2008 Intel released several Core 2 Quad processors in August 2008: the Q8200, the Q9400, and the Q9650.
2008 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E7400 (3M Cache, 2.80 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on October 19, 2008.
2008 Intel released the first Core i7 Desktop processors in November 2008: the i7-920, the i7-940, and the i7-965 Extreme Edition.
2009 AMD released the first Phenom II X4 (quad-core) processors (6M Cache, 2.5 to 3.7 GHz, 1066 MHZ or 1333 MHz FSB) on January 8, 2009.
2009 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E7500 (3M Cache, 2.93 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on January 18, 2009.
2009 AMD released the first Phenom II X3 (triple core) processors (6M Cache, 2.5 to 3.0 GHz, 1066 MHZ or 1333 MHz FSB) on February 9, 2009.
2009 Intel released the Core 2 Quad processor Q8400 (4M Cache, 2.67 GHz, 1333 MHz FSB) in April 2009.
2009 Intel released the Core 2 Duo processor E7600 (3M Cache, 3.06 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) on May 31, 2009.
2009 AMD released the first Athlon II X2 (dual-core) processors (1024KB L2 Cache, 1.6 to 3.5 GHz, 1066 MHZ or 1333 MHz FSB) in June 2009.
2009 AMD released the first Phenom II X2 (dual-core) processors (6M Cache, 3.0 to 3.5 GHz, 1066 MHZ or 1333 MHz FSB) on June 1, 2009.
2009 AMD released the first Athlon II X4 (quad-core) processors (512 KB L2 Cache, 2.2 to 3.1 GHz, 1066 MHZ or 1333 MHz FSB) in September 2009.
2009 Intel released the first Core i5 Desktop processor with four cores, the i5-750 (8M Cache, 2.67 GHz, 1333 MHz FSB), on September 8, 2009.
2009 AMD released the first Athlon II X3 (triple core) processors in October 2009.
2010 Intel released the Core 2 Quad processor Q9500 (6M Cache, 2.83 GHz, 1333 MHz FSB) in January 2010.
2010 Intel released the first Core i5 Mobile processors, the i5-430M and the i5-520E in January 2010.
2010 Intel released the first Core i5 Desktop processor over 3.0 GHz, the i5-650 in January 2010.
2010 Intel released the first Core i3 Desktop processors, the i3-530, and i3-540 on January 7, 2010.
2010 Intel released the first Core i3 Mobile processors, the i3-330M (3M Cache, 2.13 GHz, 1066 MHz FSB) and the i3-350M, on January 7, 2010.
2010 AMD released the first Phenom II X6 (hex/six core) processors on April 27, 2010.
2011 Intel released seven new Core i5 processors with four cores, the i5-2xxx series in January 2011.
2011 AMD released the first mobile processors in their A4 line, the A4-3300M and the A4-3310MX on June 14, 2011.
2011 AMD released the first mobile processors in their A6 line, the A6-3400M and the A6-3410MX on June 14, 2011.
2011 AMD released the first mobile processors in their A8 line, the A8-3500M, the A8-3510MX, and the A8-3530MX on June 14, 2011.
2011 AMD released the first desktop processor in their A6 line, the A6-3650 (4M L2 Cache, 2.6 GHz, 1866 MHz FSB) on June 30, 2011.
2011 AMD released the first desktop processor in their A8 line, the A8-3850 (4M L2 Cache, 2.9 GHz, 1866 MHz FSB) on June 30, 2011.
2011 AMD released the first desktop processors in their A4 line, the A4-3300 and the A4-3400 on September 7, 2011.
2012 AMD released the first desktop processors in their A10 line, the A10-5700 and the A10-5800K on October 1, 2012.

Computer History