How to download an app, file, or program from the Internet
This page contains information on how to download many types of files from the Internet, including audio clips, documents, PDF files, programs, and pictures. The directions in the following sections work in all modern browsers.
What is a download?
To download is to receive data from the Internet that is to be stored and opened. Downloading should not be confused with copying or saving, which handle files that are not on the Internet (e.g., copying files to another location or saving a document). Also, a download is not the same as an upload, which is sending a file from a computer to an online storage medium.
Files on the Internet may contain viruses or malware. The best way to protect your computer is to ensure an antivirus and anti-malware program is installed and up-to-date, see: How do I update my antivirus program?
How to download using different browsers
- To initiate a download from a website, you must first click on a download link. A link is usually denoted by different-colored text with an underline, but it may also be an icon or button. If you want to download an audio file, picture, or other media that does not have a link, skip to our download examples for further help.
- After clicking a file link, the browser starts the download or asks what to do, depending on the browser you're using. Below is additional information on how each modern browser handles downloads.
- After the download has completed, a prompt appears in the lower-left corner of the browser window.
- Double-click the download to open it.
- After the download has completed, a prompt appears in the center of the browser window; click Save File.
- Once the download is saved, it may be accessed through the Downloads section of the Library folder by pressing Ctrl+J.
- Double-click the download to open it.
- After the download has completed, a prompt appears at the bottom of the browser window in the middle. Choose Run or Save to open the downloaded media.
- Press Ctrl+J to view your downloads.
- Click Run to open any of them.
- After the download has completed, a prompt appears at the bottom of the browser window in the middle. Choose Open or Save to open the downloaded media.
- Press Ctrl+J to view your downloads folder.
- Double-click the download to open it.
- Upon clicking a download link, you'll be prompted to choose a location where the file should be saved. Select a location to save the file and click Save.
- When the download completes, press Ctrl+J to open the Downloads folder.
- In the window that appears, locate your download and click the Run button to open it.
Examples of popular download types
Apps or programs
One of the most popular types of downloads is downloading an app or program that can be installed on your computer. For Windows computers, these files are most often .exe files, and for Apple computers, they are either .dmg and .app files.
Many programs may also be included in a compressed file. If the download file or link ends with .arj, .zip, .tar, or .tgz, see the next section for how to download and extract compressed files.
Below is an example test executable file to run on your Windows computer. This executable file displays the message "Congratulations you've successfully downloaded an executable program file from the Computer Hope Website."
Today, most drivers are either included in a compressed file (see next section below) or are contained in a self-extracting executable file.
If you're having trouble figuring out how to install the drivers you have downloaded, look for a readme file that has this information. For additional help, use the link below on how to install drivers on a computer.
Compressed files (e.g., .zip and .rar)
Compression techniques reduce file sizes or package several files together. Compressed files may end with a .7z, .arj, .rar, .tgz, or .zip file extension. After they've been downloaded, these files must be decompressed before they can run or be viewed.
Below is an example compressed file called example.zip. Once this file is downloaded, you'll need to decompress the file which contains a readme.txt and a download-example.exe file.
Downloading an audio file (e.g., an MP3) from a link is like downloading any other basic file from the Internet. For sites that utilize streaming audio or have the audio embedded into a web page, different downloading techniques must be used that are explained on the page linked below.
Downloading a movie file (e.g., an MP4) from a link is similar to all other file downloads. However, you can also right-click the link and choose Save link as, Save target as, or the Save linked content as option. If an embedded movie has an arrow pointing down next to the audio controls, use that link to download the movie. Other streaming movie services that do not have a download link may require additional software to capture the video. The link below has further instructions.
Below is an example link to an MP4 video file. To download it, right-click the file and select Save link as, Save target as, or Save linked content as.
Steps on how to download a YouTube video or its audio are on the pages linked below.
Pictures or images
Any picture or image on the Internet can be saved to your computer (downloaded). As an example, the following steps walk you through how to download the Computer Hope logo seen to the right.
- Right-click the image.
- From the drop-down menu that appears, select Save image as or Save Picture as.
- Choose the location in which you want to save the image.
You can also choose to copy the image and then paste it into any document or graphics program.
A PDF file can be downloaded like most programs. Upon selecting a download link to a PDF file, most browsers open the PDF contents in the browser window rather than downloading the file. Below are the steps on how to download a PDF to your computer instead of only viewing it.
- Right-click on any link that opens a PDF.
- Click the Save link as, Save target as, or the Save linked content as option.
- Choose where you want to save the PDF file.
You can follow the steps above with the link below to download our example of a PDF.
Word processor documents
A document, such as those found in Microsoft Word, can also be downloaded by clicking any link pointing to it. To see the process in action, click the image of the "Computer Hope Example.doc" file to download our example.doc file to your computer.
If the browser is opening the document or the link isn't working, you can also right-click the image and choose Save link as, Save target as, or Save linked content as.
Spreadsheet or CSV files
A spreadsheet can be downloaded by clicking any link pointing to the spreadsheet file (.xls, xlsx). To see the process in action, click the link below to download the example.xls file to your computer.
If the browser is opening the spreadsheet or the link isn't working, you can also right-click the link and choose Save link as, Save target as, or Save linked content as.
Many websites that grab information from a database do not save the data as a .xls, .xlsx, or another spreadsheet file format. Instead, the files are saved as a CSV (comma separated value) file. These files can also be downloaded in the same way and then imported into a spreadsheet program, like Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets.
By default, any link that points to a text file is opened in the browser. To save a text file to your computer to edit in a text editor, right-click the link and choose Save link as, Save target as, or Save linked content as. You can try this now by right-clicking the link below to download a readme.txt file.
- See the download definition for further information and related links to this term.
- Where are the files I downloaded using my web browser?
- Why does my download stop before it is finished?
- How to clear your downloads folder.
- How to upload and download a file or folder in Google Drive.
- How to download video games.
- How to install software.
- Computer downloads.
- Internet help and support.