Computer history - 1983
Major computer events in 1983
Apple released the Lisa computer on January 19, 1983, the first commercial computer with a GUI.
Bjarne Stroustrup released the C++ programming language.
The video game crash this year resulted in a 97% drop in game sales between 1983 and 1985.
Fred Cohen in 1983 coined the term virus in a 1984 research paper as "a computer program that can affect other computer programs by modifying them in such a way as to include a (possibly evolved) copy of itself."
Other computer events in 1983
ARPANET standardized TCP/IP after transitioning from NCP to TCP on January 1, 1983. The complete NCP/TCP transition plan is first documented in November 1981 in RFC801 by Jon Postel.
Apple released the Apple IIe with a 1.023 MHz processor, 64 KB of memory and the ProDOS operating system in January 1983.
The IBM XT was first introduced on March 8, 1983.
The first Apple WWDC was held.
Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS. The original specifications for DNS were in RFC 882 and RFC 883 that were published in November 1983.
Lian Li was founded in 1983.
Paul Allen left Microsoft in 1983.
Phoenix developed its first commercial BIOS in 1983.
The 414s, a group of hackers, are caught by the FBI.
Shuttle Inc. was founded in 1983.
THX was established in 1983.
More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States.
The first edition of the PC World Magazine appeared in newsstands in March 1983.
The QIC Standard becomes the first standard in the computer history for tape drives.
The MSX computer architecture was announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983.
Soviet jets shoot down a Korean civilian airlines flight 007 flying from New York to Seoul and kill all 269 passengers and crew on September 1, 1983. As a result of this mistake, U.S. President Ronald Regan orders the U.S. military to make GPS (Global Positioning System) available for civilian use.
The GNU was first announced by Richard Stallman on September 27, 1983.
IBM announced the PCjr (PC junior) computer on November 1, 1983.
MILNET was split from the ARPANET in 1983, leaving the ARPANET to be used for academic research and public use.
Microsoft Windows was announced on November 10, 1983.
The largest BBS Exec-PC went online on November 28, 1983.
The TIME magazine nominates the personal computer as the "machine of the year" December 26, 1982, the first non-human ever nominated.
Michael Muuss releases the ping utility.
Borland releases the Turbo Pascal programming language.
New computer products and services introduced in 1983
Lotus 1-2-3, a spreadsheet program derived from VisiCalc was introduced by Lotus on January 26, 1983.
Compaq introduced the first 100% IBM-compatible computer the "Compaq Portable" in March 1983.
The Famicom home computer and video game console released by Nintendo in Japan on July 15, 1983.
AT&T releases its first version of System V.
The first version of Microsoft Word, Word 1.0, is released.
Wang Laboratories creates the SIMM (single in-line memory module).
Franklin Computer releases its Franklin Ace 1200 computer.
GW-BASIC was created in 1983.
BSD 4.2 is released and introduces pseudo terminals.
Bubble memory was first used in the Sharp PC-5000, a PC-compatible laptop released in 1983.
IBM announces the IBM System/36, a business computer with data and word processing, business color graphics, and office management functions.
Iomega introduces the Bernoulli drive.
Novell introduces Netware, the first NOS (network operating system).
The Apple IIe is introduced. The computer contains 64 kilobytes of RAM one megahertz 6502 processor and running Applesoft BASIC and sells for $1,400.
Tandy, Epson, and NEC all sell notebook computers. However, only the Tandys model 100 becomes popular because of its low price of $499.
MS-DOS 2.0 was released in March 1983.
Quicken was first released in 1983.
1983 marked the introduction of the first 3.5-inch size hard drive, developed by Rodime. It had a storage capacity of 10 MB.
True BASIC is created and is a compiled, structured language. It doesn't require line numbers, as the original BASIC did, and includes the advanced control structures necessary for structured programming.
A new IBM research technique, called scanning tunneling microscopy, produces for the first time three-dimensional images of the atomic surfaces of silicon, gold, nickel and other solids.
IBM introduced the 3430 magnetic tape subsystem.
IBM released the 3290 gas panel display station.
IBM announced the 5550 small business computer for Japan.
IBM released the 4370 Personal Banking Machine, which cashes checks, dispenses exact change, and accepts check deposits without deposit slips or envelopes.
IBM introduced two new models of the 4300 computer series, the 4361 and 4381.
IBM released the DB2 (Database 2), a versatile software system.
Computer companies founded in 1983
Wacom was founded on July 12, 1983.
AT&T was founded on October 5, 1983.
3D Labs was founded in 1983.
Infogrames Entertainment was founded in 1983.
Belkin was founded in 1983.
Borland was founded in 1983.
Cabletron Systems was founded in 1983.
Canopus was founded in 1983.
Chicony was founded in 1983.
Clevo was founded in 1983.
Enterasys was founded in March 1983.
Envision was founded in 1983.
Everex was founded in 1983.
Genius was founded on November 3, 1983.
IAB was founded in 1983.
Intuit was founded by Scott Cook and Tom Proulx in 1983.
Interplay was founded in 1983.
Jabra was founded in 1983.
Jaton was founded in 1983.
KTI Networks was founded in 1983.
Lattice Semiconductor was founded in 1983.
Macrovision was founded in 1983.
Mindscape was founded in 1983.
Planar Systems, Inc. was founded in 1983.
Targus was founded in 1983.
Tseng Labs was founded in 1983 by Jack Hsiao Nan Tseng.
Ultima Electronics Corp. (Artec) was founded in 1983.
Zoran was founded in 1983.
Computer company events in 1983
John Scully became CEO of Apple on April 8, 1983.
Novell Data Systems incorporates in 1983 as Novell Inc.
Computer-related movies released in 1983
Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi was released on May 25, 1983.
The movie WarGames, about a fictional high schooler who hacks into a military supercomputer using a wardialer, was released on June 3, 1983.
Computer pioneers born in 1983
Daniel Ek was born on February 21, 1983.
Drew Houston was born on March 4, 1983.
Alexis Ohanian was born on April 24, 1983.
Edward Snowden was born on June 21, 1983.
Hector Monsegur was born on October 13, 1983.
Justin Kan was born in 1983.
Computer pioneer deaths in 1983
Laszlo Kozma passed away on November 9, 1983 (Age: 80).