Computer History - 1800's

Updated: 06/16/2017 by Computer Hope
Year Event
1801 Frances Joseph-Marie Jacquard first demonstrates the Jacquard Loom.
1804 Frances Joseph-Marie Jacquard completes his fully automated loom that is programmed by punched cards.
1809 An early but crude telegraph type device is invented in 1809 by Samuel Soemmering.
1810 Hayyim Slonimski is born in 1810.
1811 Alexander Bain is born in 1811.
1811 Johann Bischoff passes away April 14, 1811 (Age:75)
1814 Izrael Staffel is born in 1814.
1815 Giovanni Caselli is born April 25, 1815.
1815 George Boole is born November 2, 1815.
1815 Ada Lovelace is born December 15, 1815.
1816 Werner Siemens is born December 13, 1816.
1816 Charles Stanhope passes away December 15, 1816 (Age: 63)
1817 Édouard-Léon Martinville is born April 25, 1817.
1818 Samuel Hopkins passes away in 1818.
1819 Christopher Sholes is born February 14, 1819.
1820 Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar creates the "Arithometer", the first reliable, useful, and commercially successful calculating machine. The calculator could not only add but also subtract, multiply, and divide.
1821 Pafnuty Chebyshev is born May 16, 1821.
1822 In early 1822, Charles Babbage begins developing the Difference Engine.
1823 Baron Jons Jackob Berzelius discovers silicon (Si), which today is the basic component of an integrated circuit (IC).
1825 The earliest known surviving photograph is taken by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce in 1825 of a view of a courtyard from his window.
1827 Alessandro Volta passes away March 5, 1827 (Age: 82)
1827 Georg Simon Ohm introduces Ohm's law in the book Die galvanische Kette, mathematisch bearbeitet.
1828 Harrison Dyar becomes the first person in the United States to invent a Telegraph type device.
1830 Samuel Soule is born January 25, 1830.
1830 Edweard Muybridge is born April 9, 1830.
1830 Jean Fourier passes away May 16, 1830 (Age: 62)
1831 Joseph Henry of Princeton invents the first working telegraph.
1832 Semen Korsakov uses punch cards for the first time to store and search for information.
1832 On October 21, 1832 Pavel Schilling becomes the first to transmit signals between two telegraphs in different rooms of his apartment.
1833 Joseph Niépce passes away July 5, 1833 (Age: 68)
1834 The Committee now known as the ITU is founded May 17, 1865.
1834 Joseph Jacquard passes away August 7, 1834 (Age: 82)
1835 Elisha Gray is born August 2, 1835.
1835 William Jevons is born September 1, 1835.
1836 Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail begin developing a code (later called Morse code) that used different numbers to represent the letters of the English alphabet and the ten digits.
1837 Charles Babbage first purposed the Analytical Engine, which was the first computer to use punch cards as memory and a way to program the computer.
1838 Fredrik Idestam is born October 28, 1838.
1841 Edmund Barbour is born in 1841.
1842 Jacob Auch passes away March 20, 1842 (Age: 77)
1843 Thomas Fowler passes away March 31, 1843 (Age: 66)
1844 Joseph Clement passes away February 28, 1844 (Age: 65)
1844 Samuel Morse dispatches the first telegraphic message over a line from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore on May 24, 1844. The now famous message was: "What hath God wrought"
1845 In 1845, Izrael Staffel demonstrated the Staffel's calculator at the industrial exhibition in Warsaw.
1845 Wilhelm Rontgen is born March 27, 1845.
1845 Willgodt Odhner is born August 10, 1845.
1845 Jean-Maurice-Emile Baudot is born September 11, 1845.
1846 Royal Earl House patented a printing telegraph that used 28 piano-style keys to represent each letter in the alphabet and make it easier for everyone to send messages.
1847 Thomas Edison is born February 11, 1847.
1847 Alexander Graham Bell is born March 3, 1847.
1847 Siemens is founded on October 12, 1847.
1849 John Ambrose Fleming is born November 29, 1849.
1849 George Grant is born December 21, 1849.
1850 Charles Flint is born January 24, 1850.
1850 Karl Braun is born June 6, 1850.
1850 William Sturgeon passes away December 4, 1850 (Age: 67)
1851 Western Union was founded.
1851 Emile Berliner is born May 20, 1851.
1852 Ada Lovelace passes away November 27, 1852 (Age: 36)
1853 Semen Korsakov passes away December 1, 1853 (Age: 65)
1854 Augustus DeMorgan and George Boole formalize a set of logical operations now known as DeMorgan transformations.
1854 George Fairchild is born May 6, 1854.
1854 Georg Ohm passes away July 6, 1854 (Age: 65)
1854 George Eastman is born July 12, 1854.
1855 The Crane Company is founded.
1855 Johann Gauss passes away February 23, 1855 (Age: 77)
1856 Nikola Tesla is born July 10, 1856.
1857 Heinrich Hertz is born February 22, 1857.
1857 The phonautograph (phonograph) is patented March 25, 1857 by Frenchman Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville. The device was capable of transcribing sound to a medium.
1858 Otto Steiger is born in 1858.
1858 The OpenVMS Epoch Time is set to start November 17, 1858.
1858 Jagadish Bose is born November 30, 1858.
1859 The Elevator is patented on August 9, 1959.
1860 Herman Hollerith is born February 29, 1860.
1861 The first known permanent color photograph is taken of a Tartan Ribbon by the photographer Thomas Sutton. To achieve a color image he took a photo of the ribbon three times, each time with a different color, a method developed by James Clerk Maxwell.
1861 The first transcontinental telegraph line began operation October 24, 1861.
1862 David Hilbert is born January 23, 1862.
1862 Vilhelm Bjerknes is born March 14, 1862.
1862 Dorr Felt is born March 18, 1862.
1862 Philibert D'Ocagne is born March 26, 1862.
1864 George Boole passes away December 8, 1864 (Age: 49)
1865 Nokia is originally founded by Fredrik Idestam as a wood pulp company.
1866 The first successful Trans-Atlantic cable is laid from Ireland to Newfoundland.
1867 Michael Faraday passes away August 25, 1867 (Age: 75)
1868 Christopher Sholes is issued a patent on July 14, 1868 for a typewriter utilizing the QWERTY layout keyboard still used today.
1868 Paul Otlet is born August 23, 1868.
1869 The company Gray and Barton is formed by Elisha Gray and Enos N. Barton in 1869 and three years later is renamed to the Western Electric Manufacturing Company.
1870 Mitsubishi is founded.
1870 Charles Thomas passes away March 12, 1870 (Age: 84)
1871 Hubert Booth is born July 4, 1871.
1871 Charles Babbage passes away October 18, 1871 (Age: 79)
1872 Samuel Morse passes away April 2, 1872 (Age: 80)
1873 Georg Scheutz passes away May 22, 1873 (Age: 88)
1873 Lee Forest is born August 26, 1873.
1873 William Coolidge is born October 23, 1873.
1874 Thomas Watson is born February 17, 1874.
1874 Emile Baudot invents the Baudot code in 1874.
1874 Guglielmo Marconi is born April 25, 1874.
1875 Tanaka Seizo-sho is established in Japan and later merges with another company called shibaura Seisaku-sho to form Tokyo Shibarura Denki. Later this company's name is shortened to the company that we know today, Toshiba.
1875 Samuel Soule passes away July 12, 1875 (Age: 45)
1875 William Eccles is born August 23, 1875.
1875 The company American Telephone and Telegraph Company that later became AT&T is founded.
1876 Scottish-Canadian-American Alexander Graham Bell is often credited as inventing the telephone makes the first call March 10, 1876.
1876 Ericsson is founded.
1877 Alexander Bain passes away January 2, 1877 (Age: 65)
1877 The world's first long-distance telephone line is connected between French Corral California with French Lake, 58 miles away.
1877 The microphone is invented in the United States by Emile Berliner.
1877 Thomas Edison invents and announces on November 21, 1877 the first phonograph capable of recording and replaying sounds.
1878 Eadweard Muybridge's "The Horse in Motion" becomes the first motion picture.
1878 The first keyboard to have a Shift key is introduced on the Remington No. 2 typewriter introduced in 1878 that had one Shift key on the left side of the keyboard.
1878 Joseph Henry passes away May 13, 1878 (Age: 80)
1878 Arthur Scherbius is born October 20, 1878.
1879 Albert Einstein is born March 14, 1879.
1879 Édouard-Léon Martinville passes away April 26, 1879 (Age: 62)
1879 Thomas Edison demos incandescent electric light bulb that lasts 13 1/2 hours October 21, 1879.
1879 James Jacob Ritty patents the world's first cash register November 4, 1879.
1879 President Rutherford B. Hayes becomes the first president with a phone in the White House and gets the phone number "1."
1880 Thomas Edison receives patent #223,898 for the Electric Lamp January 27, 1880.
1880 ASME is founded.
1880 Albert Hull is born April 19, 1880.
1880 James Bryce is born September 5, 1880.
1881 Emanuel Goldberg is born on August 31, 1881.
1882 William Jevons passes away August 13, 1882 (Age: 46)
1882 Thomas Edison is award patent # 252,442 January 17, 1882 for the carbon microphone used in telephones.
1882 The first commercial electric power station becomes operational on September 4, 1882.
1882 Fredrik Bull is born December 25, 1882.
1883 Edith Clarke is born February 10, 1883.
1883 American Thomas Edison discovers the Edison effect, where an electric current flows through a vacuum.
1883 Percy Ludgate is born August 2, 1883.
1884 Izrael Staffel passes away in 1884.
1884 Herman Hollerith files his first patent for The Hollerith Electric Tabulating System.
1885 American Telegraph and Telephone company (AT&T) is incorporated March 3,1885.
1886 Heinrich Rudolf Hertz proves electromagnetic waves and that electricity is transmitted at the speed of light.
1886 James Rand is born November 18, 1886.
1887 Yamaha is founded October 12, 1887.
1888 Clair Lake is born in 1888.
1888 National Geographic Society is established on January 27, 1888.
1888 Nikola Tesla patents the rotating field motor May 1, 1888 and later sells the rights to George Westinghouse. This invention helps create and transmit AC power and today is still a method for generating and distributing AC power.
1888 William S. Burroughs patents a printing adding machine.
1888 John Baird is born August 14, 1888.
1888 Thomas Edison files for a patent for the Optical Phonograph (film camera) on October 17, 1888.
1888 Eastman Kodak is founded.
1888 John Loud gets patent for the ballpoint pen October 30, 1888.
1888 Friedrich Reintzer discovers liquid crystal.
1889 Herman Hollerith first describes the tabulating machine in his doctoral thesis.
1889 Nintendo is founded.
1890 Henry Philips is born in 1890.
1890 Christopher Sholes passes away February 17, 1890 (Age: 71)
1890 Vannevar Bush is born March 11, 1890.
1890 The company we now know as GE is founded in 1890 by Thomas Edison as the Edison General Electric Company.
1890 Herman Hollerith developed a method for machines to record and store information onto punch cards to be used for the US census. He later formed the company we know as IBM today.
1891 Phillips is founded.
1891 Giovanni Caselli passes away June 8, 1891.
1892 The American company General Electric is founded April 15, 1892.
1892 Werner Siemens passes away December 6, 1892 (Age: 75)
1893 The first Underwood typewriter was invented by Franz Xaver Wagner was filed for U.S. Patent 523,698 April 27, 1893.
1893 On May 1, 1893 Nikola Tesla helps power the worlds first fair powered by AC electricity in Chicago.
1893 Leslie Comrie is born August 15, 1893.
1894 Heinrich Hertz passes away January 1, 1894 (Age: 36)
1894 August Dvorak is born May 5, 1894.
1894 Norbert Weiner is born November 26, 1894.
1894 Pafnuty Chebyshev passes away December 8, 1894 (Age:73)
1895 Guglielmo Marconi became the first person to receive a radio signal in 1895.
1895 Nortel Networks is founded.
1895 Paul Galvin is born June 27, 1895.
1895 The Underwood Typewriter Company is founded in 1895.
1895 Wilhelm Röntgen discovers X-rays November 8, 1895.
1896 The Niagara Falls begins generating power from Nikola Tesla AC power generators starting the electric age in America.
1896 Herman Hollerith starts the Tabulating Machine Company, the company later becomes the well-known computer company IBM (International Business Machines).
1897 Gertrude Blanch is born.
1897 Maxwell Newman is born February 7, 1897.
1897 Emil Post is born February 11, 1897.
1897 German scientist Karl Ferdinand Braun invents the Cathode-Ray Oscilloscope.
1897 Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, a motion picture viewer on August 31, 1897.
1898 Alcatel is founded.
1898 Russell Ohl is born in January 1898.
1898 Nikola Tesla invents the remote control November 8, 1898.
1899 Gustav Tauschek is born April 29, 1899.
1899 Nippon Electric Company is renamed to NEC Corporation July 17, 1899.
1899 AT&T acquires assets of American Bell, and becomes the parent company of Bell System.
1899 Sprint is founded.
1899 Sedlbauer is founded.
1899 On September 13, 1899 Henry Bliss becomes the first North American pedestrian to be killed by an automobile.
1899 William D. Middlebrook patents the paper clip on November 9, 1899.

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