Computer history - 2020
Major computer events in 2020
In early February 2020, the outbreak of the COVID-19 coronavirus in China caused significant disruption to the worldwide technology industry. Google announced the temporary closure of all offices in mainland China, and all Apple stores in China were closed indefinitely. Companies including Qualcomm, Nintendo, and Facebook Oculus announced major losses in production from their factories located in China. The Chinese government reported a 50% decrease in smartphone sales.
2020 computer and technology top terms
The following are some of the top computer and technology-related terms in alphabetical order that were introduced or popularized during 2020.
Computer and technology-related events in 2020
On January 1, 2020, U.S. retailers, including Walmart, added a "do not sell my info" option to online customers, complying with the CCPA, a new consumer protection law in California. The law grants consumers the right to opt out of the sale of their private information by companies with whom they conduct online transactions.
On January 14, 2020, Microsoft issued an urgent security update for Windows 8 and Windows 10 operating systems, patching a severe security vulnerability discovered by the NSA. The vulnerability allowed third parties to forge digital certificates, and improperly validate malicious software on a Windows computer.
On January 16, 2020, Alphabet, the parent company of Google, joined the "four-comma club," achieving a market valuation over $1 trillion. The other two members of the club at the time were Apple ($1.3 trillion) and Microsoft ($1.2 trillion). The next closest company, Amazon ($930 billion), briefly joined the club in 2018.
Microsoft released a new version of the Microsoft Edge browser in January 2020. The new version is based on Chromium, being more lightweight than the original Microsoft Edge browser, and with features similar to the Google Chrome browser.
On February 3, 2020, an app commissioned by the U.S. Democratic party failed to properly report votes in the Iowa Democratic caucuses. The backup system of two dozen telephone volunteers was massively overwhelmed, and the results of the voting were not made official for several days. The failure of the app drew widespread criticism, and renewed doubts about the reliability of digital voting machines in public elections.
On February 7, 2020, a major Android vulnerability was announced (CVE-2020-0022). The flaw allowed a nearby attacker to completely take over any mobile device running Android versions 8 or 9 with Bluetooth enabled. Although Android 10 is not affected by this vulnerability, versions 7 and below may be susceptible.
On March 3, 2020, UC Berkeley announced the indefinite hiatus of the [email protected] project, which used volunteer computing to search for extraterrestrial life. However, data continues to be processed on the university's computers.
On March 12, 2020, Twitter announced all of its employees, who had been working remotely from home due to the COVID-19 pandemic, would be allowed to do so indefinitely.
On April 24, 2020, Apple released a revamped version of the original iPhone SE. It features an A13 Bionic processor, 4.7-inch Retina HD display, and Touch ID. It also has a single, 12-megapixel camera, in contrast to the dual or triple cameras on previous iPhone models.
On July 15, 2020, a hacker used social engineering to gain access to a Twitter employee account that gave them access to all accounts where they interacted with 130 accounts. For 45 accounts, the hacker sent a tweet promoting a cryptocurrency scam. Some of the people and companies on Twitter affected include Apple, Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos, Joe Biden, President Barack Obama, and Uber.
On October 6, 2020, the U.S. House Judiciary Antitrust Subcommittee released a report detailing monopolistic and anticompetitive behavior by tech giants Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google. The subcommittee recommended that Congress structurally separate the companies, and take action that "restores competition, improves innovation, and safeguards our democracy."
On December 8, 2020, FireEye disclosed that their secure systems had been breached by hackers. The security breach was traced to the network infrastructure software Orion, developed by the company SolarWinds. Approximately 500 companies and government organizations were compromised in the attack, which was believed to have been launched by Russian intelligence.
New computer products and services introduced in 2020
On January 8, 2020, founders Meg Whitman and Jeffrey Katzenberg announced video streaming service Quibi (pronounced "KWIH-bee," short for "quick bites"), at CES. Planned for launch on April 6, it offers short-form scripted content that "fits into any moment of your day," created specifically to be viewed on smartphones. The subscription service costs $4.99/month with advertisements, or $7.99/month without ads.
On February 11, 2020, Samsung unveiled three new smartphones at the Unpacked keynote. The Galaxy S20 and S20 Ultra were entries in the Galaxy S series, following the release of the Galaxy S10 in 2019. Also, a foldable phone called the Samsung Galaxy Z Flip was introduced. The Galaxy Note 20 and Note 20 Ultra were also released in 2020.
The Z Flip features a horizontal hinge behind a folding glass screen, allowing the full-sized phone to fold to half its size. The design represents the next iteration of Samsung's foldable screen designs, following 2019's Galaxy Fold.
HBO introduced the HBO Max streaming service in May 2020.
Samsung announced the Galaxy Z Fold 2 in August 2020.
Google released the Pixel 4a on August 20, 2020.
Android version 11 released on September 8, 2020.
Google released the Pixel 5 on October 15, 2020.
Apple released the iPhone 12 on October 23, 2020.
On November 10, 2020, Apple launched the M1, an ARM SoC to be the CPU in its next-generation computers. The first computers to use the M1 were the 2020 models of the MacBook Air, Mac Mini, and 13-inch MacBook Pro. The development marks Apple's departure from Intel CPUs, which were used in Apple computers since January 2006.
The Xbox Series were released on November 10, 2020. Much like the Xbox One, the Xbox Series also came in two variants, the Xbox Series S and Xbox Series X.
Discontinued products and services in 2020
Savefrom.net terminated its service on April 28, 2020.
On October 21, 2020, six months after introduced, Quibi announced it would be ending the service.
Computer company events in 2020
Essential Products went out of business on February 12, 2020.
On February 26, 2020, the startup Clearview AI announced that the 3 billion pictures of people it copied from the Internet had been stolen in a data breach.
The social audio platform Clubhouse was launched in March 2020.
Private equity firm Blackstone announced it would be acquiring a majority stake in Ancestry, an online family history business, for $4.7 billion.
Red Ventures officially acquired CNET Media Group and GameSpot on October 30, 2020.
SingleStore renamed their MemSQL product to SingleStore in October 2020.
Venmo adds an option to create a business profile linked to your personal account.
Computer pioneer deaths in 2020
Larry Tesler passed away on February 16, 2020 (Age: 74).
John Conway passed away on April 11, 2020 (Age: 82).
William English passed away on July 26, 2020 (Age: 91).
Frances Allen passed away on August 4, 2020 (Age: 88).
Tony Hsieh passed away on November 27, 2020 (Age: 46)